GROWTH AND YIELD OF THREE VARIETIES OF MAIZE IN DRY LAND AT WAIHATU VILLAGE, WEST PART CERAM REGENCY

MP Sirappa, A.J. Rieuwpassa

Abstract


Activity was conducted in July until October 2009. Research prepared on randomized block design, three replications. Purpose: to know respons of three maize varieties which cultivated on dry land. Size of plots area is 15 m × 16 m, plant spacing 75 cm × 40 cm, two plants per hole. Varieties assess is Bima-3 Bantimurung, Srikandi Kuning, and Bisi-2. Dosage of fertilizer used is NPK Phonska 300 kg, urea 300 kg, chicken manure two t ha-1. Study shows: varieties Bima-3 Bantimurung, Srikandi Kuning give highest growth and yield than Bisi-2. Phonska NPK fertilizer application combined with manure give average yield of maize is higher than average of national and Moluccas yields, each 3.45 t ha-1 and 2.30 t ha-1, respectively. Bima-3 Bantimurung hybrid variety gives average highest yield and not significantly different from composite Srikandi Kuning, but significantly different from hybrid Bisi-2. Bima-3 Bantimurung and Srikandi Kuning potentially developed on dry land in Moluccas because in addition to high yield, Bima 3 Bantimurung a maize hybrid that has a high biomass and stay green until harvest so that waste can be utilized for animal feed, while Srikandi Kuning is a composite maize rich of protein that can be used as an alternative food sources. Key-words: growth, variety, maize.

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p-ISSN 1411-0172, e-ISSN 2528-1488