Rancang Bangun Mesin Pencacah Plastik Sebagai Bahan Baku Mesin Pirolisis Skala Komunal

Mochamad Syamsiro, Arip Nur Hadiyanto, Zahrul Mufrodi

Sari


Design and fabrication of plastic shredding machine has been conducted to supply the feedstock for pyrolysis of waste plastics to produce liquid oil. The machine has a capacity of 20-30 kg/h depending on the plastic type and thickness. We propose the integrated system for pyrolysis of waste plastics in small or medium scale which utilize our product as a source of energy for pyrolysis and shredding machine. The gaseous and solid products can be used for pyrolysis while the liquid oil will be used for powering the shredding machine. The excess liquid oil can be used as a fuel for household and small enterprise by employing pressurized cooking stove. The preliminary test shows that the shredding machine can be used for crushing PET bottle smoothly with the capacity of 14 kg/h. The capacity can be increased by adding the material input and by employing water to push the shredded plastic flowing down.

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Aguado, J., Serrano, D.P., San Miguel, G., Castro, M.C., Madrid, S. (2007) Feedstock Recycling of Polyethylene in A Two-Step Thermo-Catalytic Reaction System, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 79, pp. 415-423.

Al-Salem, S.M., Lettieri, P., Baeyens, J. (2009) Recycling and Recovery Routes of Plastic Solid Waste (PSW): A Review, Waste Management, 29, pp. 2625-2643.

Nur, I., Nofriadi, Rusmardi (2014) Pengembangan Mesin Pencacah Sampah/Limbah Plastik dengan Sistem Crusher dan Silinder Pemotong Tipe Reel, Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi, Fakultas Teknik Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 12 November, Surakarta.

Seo, Y.H., Lee, K.H., Shin, D.Y. (2003) Investigation of Catalytic Degradation of High-Density Polyethylene by Hydrocarbon Group Type Analysis, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 70, pp. 383-398.

Sharma, B.K., Moser, B.R., Vermillion, K.E., Doll, K.M., Rajagopalan, N. (2014) Production, Characterization and Fuel Properties of Alternative Diesel Fuel from Pyrolysis of Waste Plastic Grocery Bags, Fuel Processing Technology 122, pp. 79-90.

Syamsiro, M. (2015a) Effect of Catalytic Reforming on Pyrolytic Oil Production from Waste Plastics, Ph.D thesis, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan.

Syamsiro, M. (2015b) Kajian Pengaruh Penggunaan Katalis Terhadap Kualitas Produk Minyak Hasil Pirolisis Sampah Plastik, Jurnal Teknik, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 47-56.

Syamsiro, M., Cheng, S., Hu, W., Saptoadi, H., Pratama, N.N., Trisunaryanti, W., Yoshikawa, K. (2014) Liquid and Gaseous Fuels from Waste Plastics by Sequential Pyrolysis and Catalytic Reforming Processes over Indonesian Natural Zeolite Catalysts, Waste Technology, 2(2), pp. 44-51.

Syamsiro, M., Hu, W., Komoto, S., Cheng, S., Noviasri, P., Prawisudha, P., Yoshikawa, K. (2013) Co-production of Liquid and Gaseous Fuels from Polyethylene and Polystyrene in A Continuous Sequential Pyrolysis and Catalytic Reforming System, Energy and Environment Research, Vol. 3 No. 2, pp. 90-106.

Surono, U.B., Ismanto (2016) Pengolahan Sampah Plastik Jenis PP, PET dan PE Menjadi Bahan Bakar Minyak dan Karakteristiknya, Jurnal Mekanika dan Sistem Termal, Vol. 1 (1), pp. 32-37.


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Jurnal Mekanika dan Sistem Termal (ISSN : 2527-3841 ; e-ISSN : 2527-4910) diterbitkan oleh Universitas Janabadra dan telah terindeks oleh : Google Scholar

 

Free counters!