PENGUATAN HAK-HAK PENYANDANG DISABILITAS DI BIDANG PENDIDIKAN DI KOTA YOGYAKARTA BERDASARKAN UUD1945 DAN CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES (CRPD)

Nita Ariyani

Sari


The rights of Persons with Disabilities obtain legal guarantees both in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia 1945. With the ratification of CRPD by Indonesia through the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 19 Year 2011 on The Ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, then all legal products relating to the rights of persons with disabilities, especially in this research, emphasize in the education sector in Yogyakarta city must be based on the provisions in the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia 1945 and the CRPD. The purpose of this research  is to know, understand, review and analyze the strengthening of the rights of people with disabilities in the education sector in Yogyakarta City based on the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia 1945 and CRPD. This research also aims to know, understand , reviewing and analyzing the juridical constraints faced in the context of strengthening the rights of people with disabilities in the city of Yogyakarta.

The type of research used is normative juridical research that is focused to study the application of rules or norms in positive law. The approach method used in this research is statute approach, Analytical Approach, and Case approach. As a follow-up to the ratification of CRPD and also the mandate of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia 1945 in particular with regard to the rights of persons with disabilities in the field of education, it is necessary to implement an implementing regulation at the local level of Yogyakarta City to carry out the mandate of the  Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia 1945 and the CRPD. The strengthening of the rights of disability in the field of education is experiencing some juridical constraints that must be addressed immediately.

Keywords: Reinforcement, Disability Rights, Education, Constitutionof the Republic of Indonesia 1945, CRPD


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Referensi


Literatur :

Ariyani, Nita, 2013, Penguatan Fungsi Legislasi DPRD dalam Penyelenggaran Otonomi Daerah Berdasarkan UUD 1945 (Studi di Kabupaten Banyumas), Purwokerto : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Astawa, I Gde Pantja 2008, Dinamika Hukum dan Ilmu Perundang-undangan di Indonesia, Bandung : PT. Alumni

Ibrahim, Johnny, 2011, Teori dan Metodologi Penelitian Hukum Normatif, Cetakan Keempat, Malang : Bayumedia Publishing

Marzuki, Peter Mahmud, 2009, Penelitian Hukum, Cetakan kelima, Jakarta : Prenada Media Grup

Majelis Pemberdayaan Masyarakat PP Muhammadiyah, Center For Improving Qualified Activity In Life Of People With Disability (CIQAL), Independent Legal Aid Institute (ILAI),2015, Naskah Akademik Perda Perlindungan dan Pemenuhan Hak-Hak Penyandang Disabilitas di Kabupaten Bantul, Majelis Pemberdayaan Masyarakat PP Muhammadiyah, Center For Improving Qualified Activity In Life Of People With Disability (CIQAL), Independent Legal Aid Institute (ILAI) Bantul

Nursyamsi,Fajri, Estu Dyah Arifianti, dkk, 2015, Kerangka Hukum Disabilitas di Indonesia : Menuju Indonesia Ramah Disabilitas, Pusat Studi Hukum dan Kebijakan Indonesia (PSHK), Jakarta

Soekanto, Soejono, 1988, Pengantar Penelitian Hukum, Jakarta : UI Press

Soeprapto, Maria Farida Indrati 2007, Ilmu Perundang-Undangan(1) (Jenis, Fungsi, Materi Muatan), Yogyakarta : Kanisius

Thontowi, Jawahir, Pranoto Iskandar, 2006, Hukum Internasional Kontemporer, Bandung : Refika Aditama

Yayasan Center For Improving Qualified Activity In Life Of People With Disabilities (CIQAL); Majelis Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (MPM) PP Muhammadiyah; independent legal aid institute (ILAI), 2015, Naskah Akademik Perda Perlindungan dan Pemenuhan Hak-Hak Penyandang Disabilitas di Kota Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta : Yayasan Center For Improving Qualified Activity In Life Of People With Disabilities (CIQAL); Majelis Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (MPM) PP Muhammadiyah; independent legal aid institute (ILAI)

Peraturan Perundang-Undangan :

Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)

Undang-Undang Nomor 39 Tahun 1999 tentang Hak Asasi Manusia

Undang-Undang Nomor 12 Tahun 2011 tentang Pembentukan Peraturan Perundang-undangan

Undang-Undang Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 19 Tahun 2011 Tentang Pengesahan CRPD

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 8 Tahun 2016 tentang Penyandang Disabilitas

Peraturan Daerah Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Nomor 4 Tahun 2012 tentang Perlindungan dan Pemenuhan Hak-Hak Penyandang Disabilitas

Peraturan Walikota Yogyakarta Nomor 16 Tahun 2017 tentang Komite Perlindungan dan Pemenuhan Hak-Hak Penyandang Disabilitas

Jurnal :

Rahayu Repindowaty Harahap, Bustanudin, Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Penyandang Disabilitas Menurut Convention on The Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), Jurnal Inovatif Volume VIII Nomor 1 Januari 2015

Internet :

Serafina Sinta Dewi, 2011, Ratifikasi Konvensi Internasional Hak-Hak Penyandang Cacat (The Convention on The Rights of Persons with Disabilities ), http://www.kumham-jogja.info/karya-ilmiah/37-karya-ilmiah-lainnya/360-ratifikasi-konvensi-internasional-hak-hak-penyandang-cacat diakses pada tanggal 15 Juni 2017.

http://jogja.tribunnews.com/2016/02/15/penyandang-disabilitas-di-kota-yogya-tuntut-persamaan-hak-pendidikan, diakses pada tanggal 7 Desember 2017

https://www.solider.or.id/berita/difabel-kota-yogyakarta-kecewa-atas-kinerja-pansus-penyusunan-perda-disabilitas-0, diakses pada tanggal 22 November 2017


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